IT and US: Teaching Italian Cinema during Covid-19
- WTI Magazine #127 May 16, 2020
As we approached spring break, things started to change rapidly. In a week we were told that the University would close and we needed to teach remotely. Besides my own anxiety towards something I had never done before, the most important question for me was: how was I going to keep students interested and motivated when their lives were changing so much? Some students had lost their jobs, some of them could not pay rent and had to move out of their apartment, others left their dorms to return to live with their families. Emotions were running high and we all felt disoriented.
I was following the news with apprehension and talking to my family in Italy daily. I was very saddened to see what was happening to my country and to the spirit of my countrymen.
One of the courses I was supposed to deliver remotely here at the Portland State University was Italy through Cinema. The movies I had selected were all excellent movies, but usually left the viewer with sorrow and heaviness because they deal with difficult topics as war, organized crime, and migrants struggles.
The more I thought about the syllabus for the class, the more I felt that I had to change it. How could I have the students watch these movies focusing on so much suffering and struggles when they themselves were going through similar things? I imagined the students locked in their homes, with no place to go, no gym, no park, no coffee place, no friends. I also did not feel inclined to discuss those topics at length. My heart was aching for what Italy was going through, I felt close to my people and yet I was so far away. I wanted to send good, positive energy and wanted to help students be more optimistic about the country, even if the images we were seeing were those of desolation and death. I had to do something.
I decided to change the movies for more uplifting ones. In the section about “a difficult time in history” I chose the movie La vita è Bella instead of Rome Open City, to discuss family and relationships; I chose Bread and Tulips and The first beautiful thing instead of Bitter Rice; I chose Mafia Kills only in the Summer instead of I Cento Passi for a theme on organized crime; and I chose L’Orchestra di Piazza Vittorio instead of Terraferma to illustrate the migrants struggles. I kept The Best of Youth, a monumental film which should be shown to all students of Italian.
I then added “Mid-August Lunch” to discuss the importance of the elderly in Italian society. I really wanted to talk about the huge loss the country was experiencing as the elderly is group most affected by Covid-19. In fact, the students immediately related the movie to the current events while enjoying it for its lightness and depiction of Italian life style. Success!
Another change I implemented was starting the course with the film Wondrous Boccaccio. This was a very bold choice on my part for several reasons. Although directed by the famous Taviani brothers, the movie is not very popular among Americans. The movie is loosely based on the stories narrated in this masterpiece of Italian literature, The Decameron, yet to the people unfamiliar with the book the stories seem to have no unifying thread. In addition, because it is set in the 14th century, it is not a film that lends itself to understand contemporary Italian culture.
As I had hoped, the students immediately related to it. In their reflections the students described their current situation at the time of the Covid-19 as similar to the one of the 10 young Florentines who take refuge in the Tuscan countryside to escape the Black Death in Florence. But the movie quickly became personal and this was the unexpected outcome. The students drew amazing parallelisms between their situation in the United States in 2020 with the one of the young Florentines in the 1300s. It became obvious that we not only reacted similarly to two similar situations 700 years apart but also the strategies employed to fight sadness and fear were also similar, taking refuge in friendship, music, nature and art and family. In fact, to alleviate anxiety, a lot of art and music was produced during the two months of lockdown, a proof that they are the beautiful and important things which help us cope with inevitable pain and suffering in life.
Below are some excerpts of the students’ reflections on the Taviani Brothers’ movie
The class is still ongoing, we have 3 more weeks to go. We are still in lockdown mode and we keep meeting remotely. As our cinematic exploration of Italian culture continues, the students, immersed in the beautiful images depicted in these Italian movies, do not talk much about the pandemic anymore but keep dreaming of Italy and traveling there soon.