The secrets of Perdasdefogu, the village with the highest percentage of centenarians in the world

Jan 24, 2023 221

What are the secrets of longevity among Perdasdefogu's centenarians? In the village in Ogliastra, Sardinia, which has twice entered the Guinness Book of Records for the highest number of centenarians and the longest-living family on the planet, the reasons for long life are being investigated. And they study that strength of the town whose name in Sardinian means Firestones, in reference to the limestones used for lime kilns.

The inhabitants of the village, which has 8 centenarians out of 1740 residents, plus a woman living in Milan and the longest-living family on the planet (at a ratio of one for every 250) and 40 over 90, are the focus of the project "Perdas - with Extreme resources during aging in Sardinia."

The goal of the project, which is being developed through a series of interventions and testimonies, is to highlight the physical and mental health of centenarians. Because those who have passed the century mark or are approaching it very often continue to perform the same acts of the past. From working in the countryside to working in the kitchen. Of course, in addition to examining lifestyles, healthy eating and time spent in the countryside in the fresh air, we will focus on psychological aspects.

Roberto Pili, a physician and creator of the project and head of the Community for the Study of Longevity, tells about the experience, which will last two years and will be conducted in the country of Ogliastra.
"The rationale for this study is this: we chose Perdasdefogu because it is certified that it is the village with the highest percentage of centenarians in the world. The peculiarity is that these people are in good health, relative to their age, and they are very present from the intellectual and fundamental point of view can be defined in longevity in well-being because they are people who are protagonists of the time they are living."

It is precisely from this aspect that the investigation that will be carried out as part of the project starts. "We start from the fact that these people are able to play an important role and see life from that perspective. This aspect we want to study, and we will use the most modern tools of clinical psychology. We are going to study the intimate psychological mechanisms of overcoming the challenges of time. It is very challenging, it will last for two years."

And, study aside, the village is preparing to celebrate centenarians because on January 28, Mrs. Maria will turn 103, while on March 12, her brother Antonio, who is the oldest in the village, will be 105.

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